Chapter 7: ‘Tractable’ and the Falaise Gap


Fields of Fire: The Canadians in Normandy by Terry Copp

Maple Leaf Route: Falaise by Terry Copp & Robert Vogel (Alma: Maple Leaf Route, 1983).

Victory at Falaise by Denis & Shelagh Whitaker with Terry Copp (Toronto: Harper Collins, 2000).

Official Histories

Cross Channel Attack: The U.S. Army in World War II by Gordon A. Harrison

The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-West Europe, 1944-1945. Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War. Vol. III by C.P. Stacey

Victory in the West Vol. I: The Battle of Normandy by Major L.F. Ellis

Primary Sources

Canadian War Diaries of the Normandy Campaign at the Laurier Military History Archive

Report on the Bombing of Our Own Troops during Operation “Tractable”: 14 August 1944, by Air Chief Marshal Arthur Harris, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief RAF Bomber Command


From The Victory Campaign by C.P. Stacey.

The Closing of the Falaise Gap, 17-21 August 1944 (Map 5, p 266)

Claire Tizon, 11-14 August 1944 (Sketch 16, p 236)

Operation “Tractable”: The Plan (Sketch 17, p 239)

Operation “Tractable”:14-16 August 1944 (Sketch 18, p 242)

Expansion of the Normandy Bridgehead, July-August 1944 (Sketch 19, p2 53)

Foret de la Londe, 26-29 August 1944 (Map 6, p 226)