Vol. 32, No. 2
Summer / Autumn 2023
An Enemy No Longer
The Canadian Military Presence in Japan during the Korean War, 1950-1955
MICHAEL B. PASS
Abstract: In general, most Canadian historians have not paid much attention to their country’s relationship with Japan immediately after the Second World War. Having declined to participate in the American-run occupation of the country from 1945 to 1952, the argument goes, Ottawa was allegedly uninterested in rediscovering Japan. As a result, the consequences of Canada’s military deployment to Japan as part of the Korean War are usually ignored or simplified to the rowdy and salacious exploits of soldiers visiting the country on R&R. In this article, I argue that the war not only had a lasting impact on Japanese-Canadian relations by providing the Canadian armed forces with a critical logistical hub and leave centre for its forces in Korea, but also that it helped ordinary Canadian servicemembers transcend some of the more virulent anti-Japanese prejudices cultivated during the Second World War.
CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM – MUSÉE CANADIEN DE LA GUERRE
“It is always tomorrow in Korea”
The Letters and Photographic Record of Major Brian Meredith, 1950-1951
ANDREW BURTCH & SARAH L. HART
Abstract: This article sheds light on the important textual and photographic archives of Major Roderick Brian Meredith who was present for key events in the early phases of the Korean War. As an eyewitness during this pivotal period, his letters, broadcasts, and photographic diary offer contemporary interpretations of the war, the mission of the United Nations in Korea, and above all the plight of Korean citizens caught in the crossfire of the first hot war of the Cold War. The authors then describe what sets the Meredith collection apart from other photograph albums held at the Museum, and the recent efforts by the Museum to digitize and make its Korean War photographic collections more widely available to researchers.
Cet article met en lumière les importantes archives textuelles et photographiques du major Roderick Brian Meredith, qui était présent lors des événements clés des premières phases de la guerre de Corée. Les lettres, les émissions et le journal photographique de ce témoin oculaire de cette période charnière offrent des interprétations contemporaines de la guerre, de la mission des Nations Unies en Corée et, surtout, du sort des citoyens coréens pris entre les feux de la première guerre chaude de la Guerre froide. Les auteurs décrivent ensuite ce qui distingue la collection Meredith des autres albums photographiques conservés au Musée, ainsi que les efforts récents du Musée pour numériser ses collections photographiques sur la guerre de Corée et les rendre plus largement accessibles aux chercheurs.
Tria Juncta in Uno
Abstract: Distinguishing flags and pennants for senior officers are a feature of many of the world’s militaries and the armed forces of Canada are no exception. With unification in 1968 came the need to harmonise the disparate patterns employed by the former Navy, Army and Air Force. The priority of the new designs was to assert unification and national identity. The approval process was lengthy, with setbacks, and not all of the proposed designs saw the light of day. Nevertheless, with only minor changes, the original draft versions have proven remarkably successful over the succeeding decades.
Abstract: As an unambiguous expression of both Canadian national identity and a unified military, the Canadian Armed Forces Ensign symbolises the victory of the Pearson government in two of its most contentious initiatives. The antecedents and development of the Ensign, however, have not previously been studied. Examined here will be the need for a service ensign after the introduction of the National Flag of Canada in 1965, lukewarm support for an ensign in the upper echelons of the military, hostility in the Cabinet and dogged determination on the part of the Minister of National Defence, Paul Hellyer, to have a design approved.
Review of Congress’s Own: A Canadian Regiment, the Continental Army, and American Union by Holly A. Mayer
Review of Pulp Vietnam: War and Gender in Cold War Men’s Adventure Magazines by Gregory A. Daddis
Review of The River Battles: Canada’s Final Campaign in World War II Italy by Mark Zuehlke
Review of On the Dangerous Edge: British and Canadian Trench Raiding on the Western Front 1914-1918 by Kenneth Radley
Review of The North Star: Canada and the Civil War Plots against Lincoln by Julian Sher
Review of Montreal at War: 1914-1918 by Terry Copp with Alexander Maavara
Review of Armies in Retreat: Chaos, Cohesion and Consequences edited by Timothy G. Heck and Walker D. Mills
Review of Building the Army’s Backbone: Canadian Non-Commissioned Officers in the Second World War by Andrew L. Brown
Review of Winning Armageddon: Curtis LeMay and Strategic Air Command, 1948-1957 by Trevor Albertson
Review of Genesis of the Grand Fleet: The Admiralty, Germany, and the Home Fleet, 1896-1914 by Christopher M. Buckey
Review of Civilians at the Sharp End: First Canadian Army Civil Affairs in Northwest Europe by David A. Borys
Review of Untold: Northeastern Ontario’s Military Past. Volume One, 1662 – World War I and Untold: Northeastern Ontario’s Military Past. Volume Two, World War II – Peacekeeping by Dieter K. Buse and Graeme S. Mount
Since its launch in 1992, Canadian Military History has become one of the premier journals in its field. CMH is a peer-reviewed academic journal published bi-annually by the Laurier Centre for the Study of Canada with editorial and financial support from the Canadian War Museum. Its purpose is to foster research, teaching and public discussion of historical and contemporary military and strategic issues.